Hay fever Symptoms & causes


Woman Lying on Bed While Blowing Her Nose

The condition, commonly known as allergic rhinitis is the cause of symptoms resembling those of a cold like a runny eye, itchy nose nasal congestion, sneezing, and pressure in the sinuses. However, unlike a cold, it’s not caused by an infection. Hay fever is due to an allergic response to allergens that are found in the indoor or outdoor environments like dust mites, pollen, or tiny pieces of skin and saliva produced by dogs, cats, and other animals that have feathers or fur (pet dander).

Apart from making you miserable allergies can also affect your performance at school or at work and can generally affect your daily life. However, you don’t have to endure the annoyance of symptoms. It is possible to learn how to avoid triggers and discover the best solution


Signs and symptoms of Hayfever may be:

  • Nasal congestion and runny nose
  • Red, itchy, and watery eyes (allergic conjunctivitis)
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Itchy nose, mouth roof, or throat
  • Skin that is blue and swollen underneath the eyes (allergic shiners)
  • Postnasal drip
  • Fatigue

Seasonal elements

Your hay fever symptoms and symptoms could begin or become worse during a specific period of the year. Some triggers include:

  • Pollen from trees, which is typical in early spring.
  • Pollen from grass is common during the latter part of spring and summer.
  • Ragweed pollen is prevalent in the fall.
  • Cockroaches, dust mites, and pet dander can be a nuisance all year long (perennial). The symptoms caused by dander may be worse during winter when homes are shut.
  • Spores from both indoor as well as outdoor fungi, molds, and spores are regarded as both seasonally and permanently.

When is the best time to visit a doctor?

See your doctor if:

  • It’s impossible to find relief from the symptoms of hayfever.
  • Allergy medication doesn’t offer relief or alleviate the discomfort of adverse negative effects
  • There is another issue that could aggravate hay fever symptoms, like nasal polyps and asthma, or frequent sinus infections

Many people, particularly children, get used to the symptoms of hay fever therefore they may not take action until the symptoms get more extreme. But seeking the appropriate treatment could provide relief.


If you suffer from hay fever your immune system detects an airborne substance that is harmless as hazardous. Your immune system creates antibodies to the harmless substance. When you next encounter the substance, the antibodies trigger your body’s immune system to send chemicals like histamine into the bloodstream. These trigger an allergic reaction that causes the symptoms and signs of hayfever.

Risk factors

The following factors can increase the risk of getting allergies to hayfever:

  • Asthma, allergies, or other issues.
  • Atopic skin ailment (eczema)
  • Being a blood relation (such as sibling or parent) with asthma or allergies
  • Working or living in a place that continuously exposes you to allergens like dust mites, animal dander
  • A mother who smoked in the first year of your life


Issues that could be connected with hayfever include:

  • Lower quality of life. Hay fever can affect your enjoyment of life and lead to you being less productive. Many people experience the symptoms of hayfever can cause absences from school or work.
  • Sleeping poorly. Hay fever symptoms can make you stay awake or make it difficult to fall asleep and can cause an overall feeling of fatigue and of feeling sick (malaise).
  • worsening asthma. Hay fever can cause more symptoms and signs of asthma, including wheezing and coughing.
  • Sinusitis. Prolonged sinus congestion caused by hay fever can increase the risk of suffering from sinusitis, an inflammation or infection of the membrane which lines the sinuses.
  • Otitis media. In children, hay fever is often an indicator of middle ear infections (otitis media).


There’s no way to stay away from suffering from hay fever. If you’re suffering from hayfever and you’re suffering from it, the best thing to do is limit the amount of exposure to allergens that trigger your symptoms. Use allergy medication before being exposed to allergens as prescribed by your physician.